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1) What is the bait commonly used in the Red Sea?

Types: Sardines, Mackerel, Ballyhoo, Squid, Cuttlefish, Shrimps Bottom Fishing: Squid: Squid can be used for almost any type of fish in the sea, depending on what size of bait is used. Squid, like cuttlefish, have eight arms arranged in pairs and two usually longer tentacles. It is possibly the best bait to freeze, in that even after defrosting it still retains its structure that tough rubbery consistency that ensures that your hooks will stay put. Shrimps: Fishing with shrimp as live bait is a very effective way to catch fish. Almost all the popular sports fish feed on shrimp. Shrimps are used as bait in locations such as Gulf of Suez and Ain El Sokhna. Sardines: Are small streamline fish with high oil content and a significant scent that is attracted to large predatory fish. Sardines are frequently used by anglers to catch a variety of game fish and in bottom fishing. Sardines work great as primary bait on a hook or with an artificial lure providing additional scent to provoke a strike. Trolling: Ballyhoo: Ballyhoo is excellent bait for trolling. They are great bait for all species of fish that we troll for and if handled and trolled properly can be trolled faster than live bait. Anglers consider Ballyhoo prime bait for Salish, Dolphin, and Wahoo. Ballyhoo is silvery with a greenish back, and the upper lobe of their tail fin is yellowish-orange. The single dorsal fin is set far back on the fish’s back, near the deeply forked tail. The lower jaw elon-gates into a flat blade with an orange-red tip. Ballyhoo grows to 16 inches. Mackerel: Mackerel has to be the most versatile and well known baits in use for sea fishing. It can be used for float, ledger or live bait fishing, whether on its own or part of a cocktail. The naturally high oil content of the flesh makes it appetizing to a wide range of fish species. Mackerel are easily recognizable by their sleek slender bodies. Their coloring starts on their back with a shining blue/green with black irregular lines. This fades into a paler green color in the middle and goes to a pale white belly flecked with faint bronze and pink shading.

2) What are the endangered species in the red sea?

Dugong: The only sea-cow occurring in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden region is the dugong. It is a quiet, harmless animal found in sheltered, isolated, shallow bays and lagoons with sea grass beds on which it feeds. Dugong distribution in the Red Sea is not continuous; populations are found in isolated channels and bays. They are rare but occasionally reported from the Gulf of Aqaba, scarce in the Gulf of Suez, reported regularly but are not common in the Sudanese Red Sea, and are very rare along the Eritrean coast. Turtles: Five species of marine turtles have been recorded from Arabian waters, of which the green turtle and the hawksbill are the most important. The MEPA study estimated the Red Sea population of both species at around 3500 individuals. All marine turtles, except for the loggerhead turtle, are on the list of endangered species of the IUCN - World Conservation Union.

3) What are the big game species in the Red Sea?

• Sailfish: reaching 1.2–1.5 meters (3 ft 10 in–4 ft 10 in) in length in a single year, and feed on the surface or at mid-depths on smaller fish and squid. Individuals have been clocked at speeds of up to 110 kilometers per hour (68 mph), which is the highest speed reliably reported in a fish. Generally, sailfish do not grow to more than 3 meters (9.8 ft) in length. • Mahi-mahi: It is also known as the dolphin fish or Dorado. Mahi-mahi means very strong in Hawaiian. Mahi-mahi lives 4 to 5 years. Catches average 7 to 13 kilograms (15 to 29 lb).Mahi-mahi have compressed bodies and long dorsal fins extending nearly the entire length of their bodies. They are distinguished by dazzling colors: golden on the sides, and bright blues and greens on the sides and back. Mature males have prominent foreheads protruding well above the body proper. Females have a rounded head. Females are also usually smaller than males. The World Record is a little over 88lb. • Tuna: Tuna are fast swimmers; some species are capable of speeds of 70 km/h (43 mph). Unlike most fish, which have white flesh, the muscle tissue of tuna ranges from pink to dark red. There are several types of tuna in the Red Sea such as Blue fin tuna, Yellow fin tuna, Black fin tuna, Dogtooth tuna, White tuna, and Skipjack tuna. • Giant Trevally: also known as the GT is a species of large marine fish classified in the jack family. The giant trevally is distinguished by its steep head profile, strong tail scutes. It is normally a silvery color with occasional dark spots; however males may be black once they mature. Giant Trevally can grow to a maximum known size of 170 cm and a weight of 80 kg. The current IGFA World Record stands at an outrageous 145lb.

4) What are the different types of fishing techniques?

• Trolling: it is a method of fishing where one or more fishing lines, baited with lures or bait fish, are drawn through the water. This may be behind a moving boat, or by slowly winding the line in when fishing from a static position. Multiple lines are often used, and outriggers can be used to spread the lines more widely and reduce their chances of tangling. Downriggers can also be used to keep the lures or baits trailing at a desired depth. • Bottom fishing: A common rig for fishing on the bottom is a weight tied to the end of the line, and a hook about an inch up line from the weight. The method can be used both with hand lines and rod fishing. • Jigging: Jigging is the practice of fishing with a jig, a type of fishing lure. A jig consists of a lead sinker with a hook molded into it and usually covered by a soft body to attract fish. Jigs are intended to create a jerky, vertical motion, as opposed to spinner baits which move through the water horizontally. • Popping: Popping is a fishing technique using bait called poppers. Poppers are made of wood with variety of weight. It also has a treble hook at the bottom of the body. Pulling the lure or bait across the surface in short bursts with occasional splashes to imitate a baitfish struggling on the surface. Commonly, target fishes of popping technique are giant trevally.

5) What are the optimum trolling speeds?

• Baits and lures are typically trolled at speeds up to 9 knots, though speeds up to 15 knots can be used, particularly when boats are travelling to different fishing areas. The speed at which the lure is pulled through the water impacts on the fishing success. The optimum trolling speed varies with different species of fish, with weather conditions and the time of year, and other conditions.

6) What are the Shark species in the Red Sea?

Shark species that are extremely rare in the Red Sea: Tawny Nurse Shark, Sandbar Shark, Sickle fin Lemon Shark, Spottail Shark, Spinner Shark, White cheek Shark, Sliteye Shark, Sand tiger or Grey Nurse Shark, Bignose Shark, Milk Shark, Bull Shark, Great White Shark, Bigeye Thresher, Bigeye Hound shark, Arabian Smooth hound, Snaggletooth Shark, Sickle fin Weasel Shark.

Type of Shark Maximum length
Grey Reef Shark 2.5 m
Silvertip Shark 3 m
Scalloped Hammerhead 4 m
Tiger Shark 5.5 m
Pelagic Thresher 3.5 m
Blacktip Shark 2.5 m
Silky Shark 3.3 m
Zebra Shark 2.5 m
Oceanic Whitetip Shark 3 m
Blacktip Reef Shark 2 m
Whitetip Reef Shark 2 m
Great Hammerhead 6 m
Whale Shark 12 m
Shortfin Mako 4 m

7) Do sharks have good eyesight?

• Sharks have very good eyesight. In fact, sharks can see extremely well in dark lighted areas, have fantastic night vision, and can see colors. Avoid wearing bright colors in the water, such as oranges and yellows, as sharks can indeed see them.

8) Are sharks always hungry?

• It has been observed that sharks can go up to approximately 6 weeks without feeding. Sharks can enter what is called an "eating phase" in which yes, perhaps the shark might constitute hunger, but on the grand scale of things, no a shark does not get hungry.

9) How many senses do sharks have?

• Sharks have 8 unique senses. They are hearing, smell, lateral line, pit organs, vision, Lorenzini, touch, and taste. The shark has three senses that we do not have. The lateral line, pit organs and Lorenzini are senses that have been discovered over the past 10 to 20 years, and play an important role in how the shark functions when swimming around.